Archive for February, 2015

Law on Information and Electronic Transactions For Protect Our President and Prime Minister from public criticism

Wednesday, February 25th, 2015

Electronic Transactions are provisions which apply to any person who conduct legal action as provided in this Act, both of which are in the jurisdiction of Indonesia and outside the jurisdiction of Indonesia, which has the effect of law in the jurisdiction in Indonesia and / or outside the territory of Indonesia and harm the interests of Indonesia.
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Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 Year 2008
Understanding the law:

Electronic information is one or a set of electronic data, including but not limited to text, sound, images, maps, plans, photographs, electronic data interchange (EDI), electronic mail (electronic mail), telegram, telex, telecopy or the like, letters, marks, numbers, access codes, symbols or perforations that have been processed that has meaning or can be understood by people who are able to understand it.

Electronic transactions are legal act performed by using Computer, Computer networks, and / or other electronic media.
Information technology is a technique to collect, prepare, store, process, publish, analyze, and / or disseminate information.
Electronic documents are each made of Electronic Information, forwarded, sent, received, or stored in the form of analog, digital, electromagnetic, optical, or the like, which can be viewed, displayed, and / or heard via Computer or Electronic Systems, including but not limited in writing, sound, images, maps, plans, photographs or the like, letters, signs, numbers, access codes, symbols or perforations that have meaning or sense or can be understood by people who are able to understand it.
Electronic System is a series of electronic devices and procedures that serve to prepare, collect, process, analyze, store, display, publish, transmit, and / or disseminate electronic information.
Implementation of Electronic Systems is the use of Electronic Systems by state officials, People, Enterprises, and / or community.
Network Electronic Systems Electronic Systems is the connection of two or more, which is closed or open.
Electronic agent is the device of an Electronic System is made to perform an action against a specific electronic information is automatically organized by People.
Electronic certificates are certificates that are electronic load Electronic Signatures and identity that shows the status of the parties in the legal subject Electronic Transactions issued by the Operator Certification Electronics.
Organizers Electronic Certification is a legal entity that serves as a credible party, which provides audit and Electronic Certificate.
Reliability Certification Institute is an independent institution established by a recognized professional, authorized and supervised by the government with the authority to audit and issue a certificate of reliability in the Electronic Transactions.
Electronic Signature is a signature consisting of Electronic Information attached, associated or linked with other electronic information that is used as a means of verification and authentication.
Hand markers are legal subjects being associated or related to the Electronic Signatures.
Computers are tools for electronic data processing, magnetic, optical, or systems that implement logic functions, arithmetic, and storage.
Access is activity through interaction with Electronic System stand-alone or in a network.
Access Codes are numbers, letters, symbols, other characters or combinations of them, which is key to be able to access the computer and / or other Electronic Systems.
Electronic contract is an agreement of the parties created through the Electronic System.
Sender is the subject of law that sends Electronic Information and / or Electronic Document.
Recipients are legal subjects who received the Electronic Information and / or Electronic Documents from the sender.
Domain name is the internet address of the organizer of the country, people, business entities, and / or community, which can be used to communicate over the Internet, in the form of code or arrangement of characters that are unique to indicate a specific location in the Internet.
Person is an individual, both Indonesian citizens, foreign citizens, or corporation.
Enterprise is a proprietorship or partnership company, whether incorporated or unincorporated.
Government is the minister or other officials appointed by the President.
In general, the material Act Information and Electronic Transaction (UUITE) is divided into two major parts, namely the arrangement of information and electronic transactions and arrangements regarding the prohibited act. Settings on the information and electronic transaction refers to several international instruments, such as the UNCITRAL Model Law on UNCITRAL Model Law eCommerce and on eSignature. This section is intended to accommodate the needs of businesses on the internet and the general public in order to obtain legal certainty in electronic transactions. Some of the material is set, among others: 1. The recognition information / electronic documents as evidence of legitimate law (Article 5 and Article 6 of the Law ITE); 2. The electronic signature (Article 11 and Article 12 of Law ITE); 3. The implementation of electronic certification (certification authority, Article 13 and Article 14 of Law ITE); and 4. The implementation of an electronic system (Article 15 and Article 16 of Law ITE);

Some of the materials prohibited acts (cybercrimes) stipulated in the Act ITE, among others: 1. illegal content, which consists of, among others: decency, gambling, insults / defamation, threats and extortion (Article 27, Article 28, and Article 29 of Law ITE); 2. Illegal access (Article 30); 3. Illegal interception (Article 31); 4. disruption to the data (data interference, Article 32 of Law ITE); 5. disruption to the system (system interference, Article 33 of Law ITE); 6. misuse of tools and devices (misuse of the device, Article 34 of Law ITE);
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International review of criminal policy – Nos. 43 and 44

Preparation of material UUITE not be separated from two academic texts composed by two educational institutions namely UNPAD and UI. Padjadjaran team appointed by the Ministry of Communication and Information, while the UI team by the Ministry of Industry and Trade. In the preparation, Padjadjaran Team in collaboration with experts at the ITB which later named academic texts with Bill Utilization of Information Technology (PTI bill). While the UI team named academic texts with a bill of Electronic Information and Electronic Transactions.

Both the academic manuscript eventually merged and re-adjusted by a team led by Prof. Ahmad M Ramli SH (on behalf of the government of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono), thus its name to the Law on Information and Electronic Transaction, as passed by the House.